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Obstructive Defecation Syndrome

Dr. Nilesh Dehariya, Senior Laser Proctologist
Dr. Nilesh Dehariya
Senior Laser Proctologist in Indore

obstructive defecation syndrome treatment Indore, proctologist in indore

Obstructive Defecation Syndrome

Obstructive Defecation Syndrome (ODS) is a medical condition characterized by difficulty or inability to evacuate stool from the rectum, despite the presence of a normal or near-normal bowel movement. Individuals with ODS often experience symptoms such as straining during bowel movements, a sense of incomplete evacuation, the need for excessive time spent on the toilet, and the use of digital maneuvers (such as using a finger to assist in evacuation).

Causes and contributing factors to Obstructive Defecation Syndrome may include:

  1. Pelvic Floor Dysfunction: ODS is often associated with dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles, which play a crucial role in maintaining bowel control and facilitating bowel movements.

  2. Rectocele: A condition where the rectum bulges into the back wall of the vagina.

  3. Rectal Prolapse: The rectum protrudes through the anus during straining.

  4. Intussusception: A condition where one portion of the intestine telescopes into another.

  5. Anismus (Pelvic Floor Dyssynergia): Incoordination or spasm of the pelvic floor muscles during attempts to have a bowel movement.

  6. Scar Tissue: Previous surgeries or trauma can lead to the formation of scar tissue that may obstruct normal bowel function.

Diagnostic and Treatment Approaches:

  1. Clinical Evaluation: This involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, and possibly diagnostic tests such as colonoscopy or imaging studies.

  2. Anorectal Manometry: This test measures pressures within the rectum and anal canal to assess muscle function.

  3. Defecagraphy or MRI Defecography: These imaging studies can provide detailed information about the anatomy and function of the pelvic floor during defecation.

  4. Biofeedback Therapy: This involves the use of visual or auditory feedback to help individuals learn to control and coordinate pelvic floor muscles.

  5. Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy: A specialized form of physical therapy that focuses on improving the strength and coordination of pelvic floor muscles.

  6. Surgery: In some cases, surgical intervention may be considered to correct anatomical abnormalities contributing to ODS.

Management of Obstructive Defecation Syndrome often requires a multidisciplinary approach, involving gastroenterologists, colorectal surgeons, and pelvic floor physical therapists. Treatment plans are tailored to the individual’s specific symptoms and underlying causes. If you suspect you have ODS or are experiencing persistent bowel difficulties, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and management.

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